Real wages, inflation, and labor productivity: Evidences from Bulgaria and Romania


  • Chaido Dritsaki Western Macedonia University of Applied Sciences



Bulgaria, inflation, labor productivity, real Wages, Romania.


This study examines the effect of inflation and real wages on labor productivity for two European Union(EU) countries: Bulgaria and Romania using cointegration Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) test and causality test of Toda and Yamamoto (1995). Results suggest that inflation reduces labor productivity. Moreover, the impact of wages on labor productivity is far greater the impact of inflation. Additionally, there exists unidirectional relation between inflation and real wages for Bulgaria, and real wages and labor productivity for Romania. 

Author Biography

  • Chaido Dritsaki, Western Macedonia University of Applied Sciences
    Associate Professor, Department of Accounting and Finance


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