International evidence of nexus between positive operating cash activities and cost of debt


  • Harit Satt lecturer of accounting at AUI junior financial manager at SATT Group
  • Dr Saadani Ghali



Credit ratings, default risk, operating cash position.


This paper identifies the affiliation between the ending cash balance of the operating section in the cash flow statement and the bonds ratings. Our sample includes 600 companies from 26 countries. The study was conducted over a period of 18 years. An Ordered Probit regression analysis had been applied to identify how the positive cash balance of the operating section in the cash flow statement shapes the probability of escalating the bonds ratings. We find burly proof that the positive operating cash balance considerably affects the bonds ratings. In other words, when a company is able to generate enough cash from its main operating activities, the likelihood of having higher bonds ratings raises;  this entails a low cost of debt since higher bond ratings have been proven to lessen the company’s cost for raising funds (in the form of bonds). The results add more confirmation to the creditors’ rights shields and how it affects the cost of debt.


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